Volume 20, No.2 Apr 1999.
COMPREHENSIVE SECURITY FOR SOUTH ASIA: AN ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACH
The causes of
interior inter-state conflicts are largely embedded in environmental
degradation or scarcity of renewable resources. When the conflicts are
addressed by resorting to force, the very purpose or cause of halting the
slide in environment is lost. War itself is also a cause of environmental
degradation. Thus, environmental degradation generates a self-perpetuating
process. What is needed is a comprehensive framework of security for the
entire region, achievement of which is contingent on cooperation and
understanding among the countries of the region affected. Environmental
cooperation could be promoted among the states within a region for the
purpose of achieving greater comprehensive regional security as an end in
itself. Moreover, regional cooperation of environmental protection and
natural resource utilization serves as confidence building measures for
the purpose of heralding comprehensive international security. IN the
context of South Asia, the focus may be on Union, can bring about an
environmental integration, so that armed conflicts between India and
Pakistan over Kashmir, and other conflicts between India and Pakistan over
Kashmir, and other conflicts between India and other South Asian
countries, can be resolved.
INDICATORS OF CURRENCY CRISIS: THE EAST ASIAN EXPERIENCE
by Rafat Alam,
Gobinda Chakraborty, Haripada
The present decade experienced three major currency crashes in three regions- the ERM crisis in Europe in 1992, the Mexican crisis in 1994 and the East Asian currency crash in 1997. The paper tried to test which of the indicators of the three currency crashes of this decade explain the currency crash of East Asia better. Probit analysis has been used for two countries-Korea and Thailand. The result of the analysis shows that the growth rate of government debt, current account balance as a percentage of GDP, change in foreign exchange reserve and annual growth rate of the Japanese economy significantly explain the currency crash of Korea. The pooled regression with the data of both the countries showed that the growth rate of government debt, annual growth rate of the Japanese economy,. Some lessons for Bangladesh are also drawn.
ISLAM AND CENTRAL ASIA: A CASE STUDY OF KAZAKHSTAN
There has been a growing apprehension about the resurgence of Islam across the global and more especially, in the Central Asian region. The concepts of “Islamic fundamentalism”. “Islamic resurgence” and “Islamic revival” etc. are the floating annotations reflecting the society and polity of Central Asian Republics. This paper is an attempt at understanding the nature of Islamic revival in the region. The author argues that Islam has been mild, tolerant, modernist and less dogmatic in its outlook because of the prevalent typical tribal and nomadic societal pattern of the region. It is also argued that Islam is serving the interest of newly growing ethno cultural feelings of these Republics. Thus, Islam may be viewed as an ethnic maker. Having discussed the nature and extent of Islamic influence in the region, the paper attempts at examining Islam in post Soviet Kazakhstan and its impact on the Republic’s society, polity and institutions. An effort has also been made to investigate as to how Islam has been dealt with along the course of nation-building process of post-Soviet Kazakhstan.
IMPACT OF GANGES WATER DIVERSION ON THE SOUTH WEST-PART OF BANGLADESH: A PERCEPTION STUDY
by Ashraf Mahmmood Dewan, Khondoker Nizamuddin