BIISS JOURNAL, VOL. 26, NO. 2, April 2005

Hosna Jahan Shewly

POSTPONEMENT OF SAARC SUMMITS: AN ANALYSIS AND PROGNOSIS


Abstract

The idea of regionalism in South Asia was first mooted by Bangladesh and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) started functioning since December 1985. Though SAARC provided a hope to promote economic cooperation, the mistrust among the member states and lack of political will led to frequent postponements of SAARC summits from the very outset. The paper attempted to find out the causes of the postponements and analysed the background and different circumstances of rescheduling those summits. The paper also pointed out some political circumstances which could have led setback to SAARC but actually they did not. It argues that the organization is a victim of bilateral impediments and India's neighbourhood policy. It is also clear from the twenty years of SAARC process that if things do not conform to Indian interests, the postponements may recur. Finally the paper suggests some ways land means to avoid postponement of SAARC summit.


Ms Hosna Jahan Shewly is Research Officer at the Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS), Dhaka. Her e-mail: shewly @biiss.org

© Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS), 2005.


Al Masud Hasanuzzaman

POLITICAL AND LEGISLATIVE DEVELOPMENT IN POST-WAR JAPAN: AN ANALYSIS

Abstract

Post-war political reform measures in Japan led to the formulation of a new constitution for the country in 1947 characterized by Westminster type of parliamentary democracy and popular sovereignty. Over the years, the years, the post-war system has taken roots along with interplay of representative organs of the state involving both formal and informal role-playing actors and mechanisms in the political system. In the process of legislation, beside the use of legislative devices and participation of the civil bureaucracy and policy affairs research structures (PARC) of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), informal behind-the-scene contacts of the parliamentary parties had been observed. One important feature in the legislative affairs has been a gradual progress toward Diet reform since the 1990s affecting parliamentary behavior and activism. The LDP dominated the political process and party affairs for about four decades until 1993 when a major political change took place marking the end of the Ď1955 systemí and the LDP rule. Multifarious political reforms introduced since 1993 led to transform the politico-electoral process with an impact on party building, democratic procedures and practices.


Al-Masud Hasanuzzaman, Ph.D. is Professor of Government and Politics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The writer wishes to thank lth4e Japan Foundation, Tokyo for offering him Japan Foundation Fellowship during May 2004-April 2005. The writer extends his gratitude to Professor Masahiro Kashima and Dr. Andrew Beaton of the Faculty of Law of Kanazawa University, Japan for their assistance and advice in wring this article. The authorís e-mail: amhzaman@yahoo.com

© Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS), 2005.